• May 31, 2006



    Statement of the Minister of Foreign Affairs on the Occasion of the Third Anniversary of the Krakow Initiative - Proliferation Security Initiative


    31 May marks the third anniversary of the Krakow Initiative - the Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI). The aim of the PSI, presented by President of the United States of America, George W. Bush, on May 31, 2003, at the Wawel, is to advance international cooperation in the interdiction of shipments of weapons of mass destruction and materials required to develop such weapons to state and non-state actors of proliferation concern. The PSI is a strong response of the international community to challenges and threats to security posed by proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and by the danger they will fall into the hands of terrorists. It must be stressed that the PSI is implemented consistent  with  relevant international laws and the laws of participating countries.



    Unlike other international organizations, the PSI has no formal structure, headquarters, or chairperson. It consists of voluntary activities of countries that share concerns over international security and are determined to stop proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and terrorism.

    Over the past three years, the PSI has grown to a global dimension. More than seventy countries have expressed their readiness to support it. The European Union, NATO, and the UN Secretary General confirmed their support for the Initiative. The PSI and the 2003  Statement of Interdiction Principles are in line with the spirit and letter of UN Security Council Resolution 1540, which calls on all UN member states to take "cooperative action" to prevent trafficking related to weapons of mass destruction.


    Under this Initiative, nations and the international community have intensified  their efforts to detect, prevent, and stop trafficking related to weapons of mass destruction and their delivery systems. Numerous naval, air, and ground interdiction exercises have been conducted. Procedures for information exchange, cooperation between the participating countries' special services, border and Customs officers have been improved

    Poland has been active in the Initiative's development since its very outset. To date, under the PSI, Poland has organized an information exchange meeting for all Central and East European countries, a ground exercise in Wroclaw, the Anniversary Meeting in Krakow (for more than sixty countries to mark the Initiative's first anniversary) and "Bohemian Guard" exercise (May 31 - June 2, 2005 in Ostrava) prepared together with Czech Republic (USA also supported this event). We plan to conduct an international sea exercise with Russia in the Baltic. Poland continues to improve its national potential to prevent smuggling and interdict illegal shipments.


    Actually the most crucial challenge within PSI is the preparation of the High Level Political Meeting which will be held on June 23rd in Warsaw. The main goal of the Conference will be the promotion of international co-operation in counteracting the threats connected with proliferation of WMD and activities of terrorists groups and states which support them in acquiring such weapons.

    Poland's aim, as the host country is to gather the highest possible number of states, which support PSI. Their participation would give an opportunity to asses and summarise the 3 year period of PSI existence, to point out the best practices and tools which are most suitable while fulfilling the Initiative aims. Finally the HLPM should be the forum for discussion about the future PSI development.


    The Krakow Initiative is an important and practical element of strengthening and adjusting international structures and mechanisms to oppose such challenges and threats.

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